If the latest manual for psychiatrists is something to go by, the chances are leaders like Nelson Mandela and Mahatma Gandhi would be identified as psychiatric patients. Specifically, they would have been diagnosed with mental disorder in their early years.
According to the latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), people, particularly males, who question authority, are open to any type of debate, and refuse to conform to status quo suffer from” Oppositional Defiant Disorder,” a mental condition.
The most recent additions to the guidelines for psychiatrists transfers a long-standing practice of adding ailments to modern psychiatry, conditions which have been previously unknown and odd. For instance, if the 18th century medical experts had been familiar with attention deficit disorder, the chances are that Wolfgang Mozart would have been “medicated into barren normality”, according to a Washington Post`s article.
Mozart was a genius who is known to have created his first musical piece at the age of 5. However, as he grew up, he started exhibiting behavioral issues and foul temper. If doctors had an access to the DSM-IV, Mozart`s haunting symphonies would have been missing from our world. The list of mental illnesses in the DSM-IX has grown over three times since 1965. Compared to five decades ago, this is an increase of approximately 227 psychological disorders.
More shockingly, most of these conditions affect children. For instance, lately there has been a significant rise in cases of depression, bipolar disorder, and attention deficit disorder in children. As time passes by, the guidelines are also becoming more specific regarding the symptoms. As a matter of fact, this is the main contributing factor toward the increase in cases of mental illnesses among youngsters. At this point, “oppositional defiant disorder” is known to mostly affect children, but this doesn’t mean that adults are immune.
Other governments have used pretty much the same tactic for political domination earlier. For instance, people in the Soviet Union who wouldn’t comply with the policies of the Communist Party were diagnosed with a certain type of schizophrenia. As a solution to the problem, they were kept in seclusion, forced to undergo rehabilitation, and given medication they didn’t want to take.
Here in the states, many of them have already allowed protective agencies to force medicate people who suffer from mental disorders. Sometimes, refusing to use the prescribed drugs is even punishable offence.
As nonconformity has become labeled a mental disorder, those who question the authorities have become more at risk. Hence, it`s no wonder that this will serve as the ideal tool to keep citizens In line, leading to a society which comes to terms with government`s decision at all costs.
But the question is, “Do we really want to diagnose and medicate everyone with “deficits in rule-governed behavior”?